Week 5

Read the weekly readings to understand the concept of
‘performativity’ (esp. in relation to Judith Butler) and use at least
five stills and 150 words to explain or demonstrate the concept in
a pedagogical way


Week 4

Read Rothwell’s text on interviewing, choose a
particular contributor ‘role’ from his model and
apply this to yourself writing an account of a
significant event in your life from that role’s POV –
min. 300 words


Notes on your character

Your working hypothesis

Whats it like to work at freddies bar for the student union

How much time you will allot for each intended stage

9 questions to be asked so 9 stages. Total length of the film approx 3 mins in duration. So 180/9 =20 secs per question and answer.

Likely image size changes, camera angles, and movements


How you frame your shot is an integral part of your interview. A slightly askew frame can annoy your audience, as well as a shot that has way too much empty space.

The best way to frame your talent is to use the Rule of Thirds. You should select an area mid right, mid left or centre depending on the purpose of your video.

Mid Right & Mid Left Framing

This should be used for a more interview/ storyteller feel and this choice of framing will generally give your video a more relaxed feel.

Centre Framing

This should be used when you want to talk directly to your audience.

Do not frame your subjects in the extreme right or left, top or bottom of your frame. Your subject can become insignificant in the shot and it will detract from the message.

Give yourself enough room.

When shooting your talent, always make sure there is enough room on the sides, but also enough headroom from the top. You are allowed to fill the entire bottom of frame if needed.

Special signals to be worked out with crew to cover exigencies

Make sure the talent has a chance to see the questions beforehand so that they are not put on the spot. If they have some time to formulate ideas for their responses to the questions this can help, as long as they aren’t trying to repeat their pre-prepared answers word for word, as that doesn’t generally look good as most people struggle with this.

D.P Exercise 3: Week 3 Visual analysis of a documentary film


The Modern Racist Paradigm is a documentary that uses media coverage and personal interviews to expose internalised racism in the world today.

Internalised racism are racist attitudes and feelings that are aimed towards people associated with their ethnic group as well as themselves.

Ethos is used in the documentary through the uses of archive speeches and news broadcasts, along with some interviews.

Pathos is used mostly when the social experiment is shown on the news about the black children that were asked to choose between a black doll and a white doll. It was very sad and revealing to see that nearly every child selected the white doll and there preferred choice.


MONTAGES: Added an interesting twist on how the literal modern racist paradigm is portrayed

TEXT ON SCREEN: Quotes help to establish a deeper meaning of how the feelings of internalised racism are viewed from a different perspective.

NATIONALISED EXPERIMENTS/EXAMPLES: Specifically the doll experiment, the experiments and other examples help to reveal the internalised racism in everyday life.

FAMOUS FIGURES: Assists in depicting the possible extremes people may go through due to internalised racism.


Non distracting, soft and somewhat catchy music would play in the background of the quotes to add emphasis towards the quotes and gain interest

High tempo and instrumental rock music played during the montages to increase the curiosity and attention towards it


D.P Exercise 2: Week 2 write a short character description

He was almost fifty, and he looked it. His hair was long and tangled and greasy, and hung down, and you could see his eyes shining through like he was behind vines. It was all gray, no black; so was his long, mixed-up whiskers. There warn’t no colour in his face, where his face showed; it was white; not like another man’s white, but a white to make a body sick, a white to make a body’s flesh crawl – a tree-toad white, a fish-belly white. As for his clothes – just rags, that was all.

  1. What’s your name?
  2. What’s you age?
  3. Where are you from?
  4. Where do you see yourself five years from now?
  5. What’s you average day like living as a homeless person?
  6. How do you manage to get by each day?
  7. Do you receive any support from the government?
  8. Do you take drugs or drink alcohol?
  9. If so are you receiving any help with them?
  10. Do you receive any help from charities?

D.P Exercise 1: Week 1 Documentary proposal



Logline (2-3 Sentences) – Provide a brief, catchy summary of your story.

A short documentary that tells the story of some of the many homeless that live on the streets on London. The idea of making this short film was to create a documentary where people can hear their stories without filtering anything.

Story Summary / Synopsis (Approximately 1-2 paragraphs)

The idea for this documentary was to go out and interview the many homeless people in London’s city centre. This of course is not a true representation of the scale of homelessness around the whole of London, however as someone who worked in the centre for many years I’ve always wanted to know what their stories were.

Topic Summary (Approximately 1-2 paragraphs)

The topic is important because the numbers of homeless people are on the rise. It is relevant because……..

How many people sleep rough each night?

According to the latest figures, collected in the autumn of 2016 and published in January 2017, 4,134 people are estimated to be sleeping rough on any one night.

Is rough sleeping on the rise?

There was an increase of 16% from 2015 to 2016, while since 2010 rough sleeping estimates show an increase of 134%.

Which areas saw the biggest increases?

The East of England has seen the biggest percentage increase in rough sleeping since last year (44%). This is followed by the North West (42%), the East Midlands (23%) and the North East (18%), all of which have seen increases in rough sleeping above the national average.

Artistic Approach (Approximately 1/2 paragraphs)

Selected participants will be asked a series of questions. Asked by the camera man, to include or not person with an establishing shot to start. Try and start the scene with them waking up in the morning getting ready to start their day, then following them until the evening to where they will rest for the night.

Key Creative Personnel (Approximately 1 paragraph/bio)

Female 1: 18 to 25, relationship status? Drug and alcohol dependences? Length of being homeless? What steps are they taking to get off the streets? What help are they receiving? Charity’s etc.?

Male 1: 18 to 25, relationship status? Drug and alcohol dependences? Length of being homeless? What steps are they taking to get off the streets? What help are they receiving? Charity’s etc.?

Intended Audience

The intended audience is from 18 years old through to 55 years old.  Covering the full age range of the interviewees.

Week 3: How the “Open Voice” operates through narrative and style



Whenever, the interviewee is given an opportunity to contest the filmmaker a difference may in the eventuality arise as was demonstrated by Carl Patringa which is known as the open voice.  It also opposes the concept through which there is the dissemination of the know how to the spectators through the formal means, it will show a situation where there is exploration, provocation and also will show the event.

In the documentary Atomic Café is a true picture of an open voice and is objective to handle the situation that is happening at the given time it is produced at a time when America is at war with other nations and most citizens have become nostalgic. Its shows how Reagan moves to an offensive position and takes up the big role of coming up with greater military equipment and container.

The role of the open voice is to explore and in Atomic Café it opens up a window that will be able to show how the government then used propaganda and misinformation at the period where there was the introduction of atomic bomb (Patricia &Aufderheide, 2007).

The film is produced with no narration as many open voice production will ensure they show more images and are able to explore more and will usually leave the viewer to make his own conclusion. Through the narrations, however, the show may end up making some conclusions for the viewer (Ebert & Rodger, 1982).

There are also raw coverage moment where the camera are rolled and are able to capture even the president Truman on his response to atomic bomb it goes a long way to enhance on its objectivity and ensuring that the information that is provided is true. Open voice will remain to be one of the best ways to produce documentary and reality show as it remains objective.


Works cited

Aufderheide, Patricia (2007). “Documentary Film: A Very Short Introduction”. Oxford University Press; 7th edition.

Ebert, Roger (1982). Chicago Sun-Times, film review. Last accessed: February 20, 2011

Week 1: The True Story of NARCOS: Pablo Escobar


The True Story of NARCOS: Pablo Escobar

As the documentary concerning the fiercest and richest drug lord in Columbia Pablo Escobar, it is evident that documentaries are fictions that aim at appearing like non-fiction. The Pablo Escobar documentary is a social representation that gives a reality aspect that is expected. The filmmaker exhibits the character in a particular angle that fits the selection set of the audience. Pablo Escobar documentary sheds light on what was supposed to be the reality of his life and activities and what became of him. The audience is provided with the opportunity to assess the claims and assertions depicted by the documentary and determine if the belief is worthy.

The introduction of the documentary ensures the audience is engaged. Pablo Escobar is illustrated as not only a rich, ruthless drug dealer but also somebody who had some part of humanity attached to him especially to the disadvantaged and his family (True Story of NARCOS – Best Pablo Escobar Documentary, 2017). The documentary illuminates the robin hood, and villain character in Escobar and the audience have the authority to hold Escobar accountable depending on their understanding. The documentary provides the likeness that evokes belief in reality because it describes what was prior the camera based on facts.

Finally, Pablo Escobar documentary is presented to the audience for their interpretation. It represents the perception of an individual, society, and organizations with the intention of persuading the public to accept their definition as appropriate. The representation degree might vary, but the core aspect is the initial idea of the representation matters. Documentaries aim at answering specific questions during their representations.